Frederick Douglass delivered this speech before a crowd in Rochester, NY on July 5, 1852. The poem at the end was written by famed abolitionist and colleague William Lloyd Garrison, and published on March 17, 1845 in the Signal of Liberty an anti-slavery newspaper.
"The goal of The 1619 Project is to reframe American history by considering what it would mean to regard 1619 [when the first enslaved Africans were recorded as being brought to the North American colonies] as our nation's birth year."
Recommended by Dana Rollins: "It was the writing of LeRoi Jones (later to become Amiri Baraka) who was maybe of greatest influence on me in the late 60s and early 70s. His poetry and plays were profoundly creative and did more to resonate the message in me than did the writings of most of his contemporaries. It’s purely my opinion, but though he may not be as well-known as say Ralph Ellison or James Baldwin, he was probably more thought-provoking, especially in his early writings.
2020 article from Alia E. Dastagir: "African Americans face harmful mental health effects every time high-profile incidents of racism and police brutality go viral, especially when little changes in the aftermath."
2020 article from former President Barack Obama: "If we want our criminal justice system, and American society at large, to operate on a higher ethical code, then we have to model that code ourselves."
2019 article from Karen Grigsby Bates: "For many people of color in the United States, civility isn't so much social lubricant as it is a vehicle for containing them, preventing social mobility and preserving the status quo."