We encounter claims online all of the time. Claims can be classified using the following three types:
In this guide, we are focused mostly on Claims of Fact. In this case, whether a claim of fact is true depends on what evidence someone provides to back up the claim. We can investigate whether a claim of fact is true, reasonable, or plausible by reading laterally to find other trusted sources that corroborate the evidence or that refute the claim. If a claim of fact is true, then multiple news or information organizations will probably document or report on it. So, by reviewing multiple sources, we should be able to find a kind of consensus among reputable information organizations about the facts.